My answer is yes, but with many caveats. This Federal Reserve confronted the worst downturn since the Great Depression with the aggressiveness that Milton Friedman argued its predecessor lacked, causing the calamity after 1929. It acted as the lender of last resort, stopping the financial panic and preventing catastrophic bank failures. It cut interest rates to…More
Category: Federal Reserve
Huffington Post had this headline today: “Congress Fawned Over Ben Bernanke, But It Mansplains To Janet Yellen.” This officially marks the oversaturation of the word “mansplain.” It is also dead wrong, selective quotes notwithstanding. Bernanke faced withering criticism from Congress, which is a big reason why he is not serving another term. Alan Greenspan, acolyte…More
In her congressional testimony earlier this week, Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen said it would take at least five to eight years to shrink its balance sheet (above) from record levels back to where it stood before the financial crisis. Even with the so-called taper, the central bank is still buying $45 billion in mortgage-backed…More
On Sunday, I wrote a column that sought to answer a narrow question: Would the economy have been better off had the Federal Reserve kept rates above near zero and helped savers, thus giving this cohort more money in their fixed-income investments and, presumably, consumer power? The answer, based on history and numerous studies, is…More
Speaking before the Economic Club of New York today, Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen seemed to give the stock market cause for celebration by indicating the central bank won’t be making any sudden moves to tighten its “taper” as long as the nearly five-year-old recovery remains so fragile. She laid out three questions that will…More
Here are five key points from Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen’s testimony before the Senate Banking Committee today: 1. The economy has softened. Up until now, Fed officials have been highly optimistic about the recovery picking up momentum this year. Now, faced with reports of weakness in retail sales, housing and industrial production, Yellen is hedging. Compared…More
The transcripts of Federal Reserve Board of Governors meetings during the Panic of 2008 have been released and the news stories about them make for riveting reading. With the government allowing the failure of Lehman Brothers and the world financial system on the brink, many leaders of the central bank failed to grasp the…More
No disrespect to the Associated Press, but when I read a story saying that turmoil in emerging markets is essentially “no big deal,” and backing it up by “many economists say they’re optimistic that the troubles in emerging markets won’t infect the global economy as a whole…” Well, I want to run to the…More
The Federal Reserve’s policy setting Open Market Committee just concluded its two-day meeting. Existing policy will continue. But reading between the lines is instructive. Here are the key sentences from its statement:
“Indicators of labor market conditions have shown some further improvement, but the unemployment rate remains elevated.” Translation: It will be years before we recover the jobs and job growth lost from the recession. We’re doing all we can. Smile.
“Available data suggest that household spending and business fixed investment advanced, while the recovery in the housing sector slowed somewhat in recent months.” Translation: Not all these critters carry equal weight. Household spending is partly being sustained by a continued unhealthy rise in consumer credit. Fixed investment isn’t causing much hiring when we compare this stage of the recovery to others. And housing has become so vital that slowing is a big deal.
“Fiscal policy is restraining economic growth.” The obsession with both the administration and Congress with austerity is one of the biggest factors holding back job creation. Worse, the tea-party shutdown and game of default chicken proved both costly and dangerous.More
President Obama intends to nominate Janet Yellen as the next chairman of the Federal Reserve. Yellen, an economist and professor emerita at the University of California at Berkeley, is now the vice chairman of the Fed’s board of governors and will become the most important central banker in the world. She said all the right things today in a prepared statement, including:
While we have made progress, we have farther to go. The mandate of the Federal Reserve is to serve all the American people, and too many Americans still can’t find a job and worry how they will pay their bills and provide for their families. The Federal Reserve can help, if it does its job effectively. We can help ensure that everyone has the opportunity to work hard and build a better life. We can ensure that inflation remains in check and doesn’t undermine the benefits of a growing economy. We can and must safeguard the financial system.
Here are the most pressing issues she will face if confirmed by the Senate, when she takes office in 2014:
1. Politics. The Federal Reserve was established as a central bank that would be largely insulated from political pressure and for most of its history that’s the way it operated. To be sure, the Fed in the 1970s allowed inflation to get out of control because of subtle pressure from the White House and Congress to emphasize job creation. Now the pressure is out in the open. Members of Congress on the right and the left have criticized the Fed and demanded more accountability, including an audit. Yellen will have to defend the Fed’s independence.More